If you want to build a completely quiet PC, picking components that don’t have fans is the way to go. To fill this market niche, SilverStone offers the Nightjar power supply series, with 300 W, 400 W, and 500 W models, the last two with the 80 Plus Bronze certification. The 500 W model is the latest addition to the family, and in this review we will see if it is worthwhile buying it.
We’ve already reviewed the 400 W model, which was manufactured by FSP. The 500 W model, however, is manufactured by Seventeam. Therefore, they are completely different internally.
The power supply has two LEDs on its rear side, one indicating that the power supply is on and another revealing if the over temperature protection (OTP) circuit has kicked in.
Figure 1: SilverStone Nightjar 500 W power supply
Figure 2: SilverStone Nightjar 500 W power supply
The SilverStone Nightjar 500 W is 6.3” (160 mm) deep. As already explained, this power supply doesn’t have fans.
This unit doesn’t have a modular cabling system. All cables are protected with nylon sleeves, but they don’t come from inside the unit. This power supply comes with the following cables:
- Main motherboard cable with a 20/24-pin connector, 21.6” (55 cm) long
- One cable with two ATX12V connectors that together form an EPS12V connector, 21.6” (55 cm) long
- One cable with two six/eight-pin connectors for video cards, 19.7” (50 cm) to the first connector, 5.9” (15 cm) between connectors
- Two cables, each with three SATA power connectors, 21.3” (54 cm) to the first connector, 5.9” (15 cm) between connectors
- Two cables, each with three standard peripheral power connectors and one floppy disk drive power connector, 19.7” (50 cm) to the first connector, 9.8” (25 cm) between connectors
All wires are 18 AWG, which is the minimum recommended gauge.
The cable configuration is fair for a 500 W power supply, with two video card power connectors and six SATA power connectors.
Let’s now take an in-depth look inside this power supply.
[nextpage title=”A Look Inside the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W”]
We decided to disassemble this power supply to see what it looks like inside, how it is designed, and what components are used. Please read our “Anatomy of Switching Power Supplies” tutorial to understand how a power supply works and to compare this power supply to others.
On this page we will have an overall look, and then in the following pages we will discuss in detail the quality and ratings of the components used.
Figure 5: The main cover/heatsink
Figure 8: The printed circuit board, with thermal pad
Figure 9: The printed circuit board
[nextpage title=”Transient Filtering Stage”]
As we have mentioned in other articles and reviews, the first place we look when opening a power supply for a hint about its quality, is its filtering stage. The recommended components for this stage are two ferrite coils, two ceramic capacitors (Y capacitors, usually blue), one metalized polyester capacitor (X capacitor), and one MOV (Metal-Oxide Varistor). Very low-end power supplies use fewer components, usually removing the MOV and the first coil.
In this stage, the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W power supply comes with all of the recommended components. The AC receptacle is, in fact, a complete transient filter.
Figure 10: Transient filtering stage (part 1)
Figure 11: Transient filtering stage (part 2)
On the next page, we will have a more detailed discussion about the components used in the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W.
[nextpage title=”Primary Analysis”]
On this page we will take an in-depth look at the primary stage of the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W. For a better understanding, please read our “Anatomy of Switching Power Supplies” tutorial.
This power supply uses one GBJ1506 rectifying bridge, which is attached to the same heatsink as the primary transistors. This bridge supports up to 15 A at 100° C, so in theory, you would be able to pull up to 1,725 W from a 115 V power grid. Assuming 80% efficiency, the bridge would allow this unit to deliver up to 1,380 W without burning itself out. Of course, we are only talking about this particular component. The real limit will depend on all the components combined in this power supply.
The active PFC circuit uses two SPW20N60C3 MOSFETs, each supporting up to 20.7 A at 25° C or 13.1 A at 100° C in continuous mode (note the difference temperature makes), or 62.1 A at 25° C in pulse mode. These transistors present a 190 mΩ resistance when turned on, a characteristic called RDS(on). The lower the number is, the better, meaning that the transistor will waste less power, and the power supply will have a higher efficiency.
The output of the active PFC circuit is filtered by four 150 µF x 400 V Japanese electrolytic capacitors from Chemi-Con, labeled at 105° C. Since they are connected in parallel, they are the equivalent of a single 600 µF x 400 V capacitor. Splitting a single capacitor into several smaller ones was performed in order to improve thermal dissipation, which is one of the main concerns with fanless power supplies.
The active PFC circuit is controlled by an NCP1653A integrated circuit.
Figure 13: Active PFC controller
In the switching section, the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W uses a single-transistor forward configuration with an active clamp. An SPW17N80C3 MOSFET is used as the main switching transistor, while an FQPF3N80C is utilized for the active clamp part. The main transistor supports up to 17 A at 25° C or 11 A at 100° C in continuous mode, or 51 A at 25° C in pulse mode, with an RDS(on) of 290 mΩ, while the second transistor supports up to 3 A at 25° C or 1.9 A at 100° C in continuous mode, or 12 A at 25° C in pulse mode, with an RDS(on) of 4.8 Ω (4,800 mΩ).
In Figure 14, the manufacturer added a copper plate between the transistors and the heatsink to increase thermal dissipation.
Figure 14: The active PFC transistors, main switching transistor, and active clamp transistor
The switching transistors are controlled by an NCP1562B integrated circuit.
Let’s now take a look at the secondary of this power supply.
[nextpage title=”Secondary Analysis”]
The SilverStone Nightjar 500 W uses a synchronous design, meaning the Schottky rectifiers were replaced with MOSFETs. Also, the reviewed product uses a DC-DC design in its secondary. This means that the power supply is basically a +12 V unit, with the +5 V and +3.3 V outputs produced by two smaller power supplies connected to the main +12 V rail. Both designs are used to increase efficiency.
The +12 V output uses seven IRFB3307 MOSFETs, each one supporting up to 130 A at 25° C or 91 A at 100° C in continuous mode, or 510 A at 25° C in pulse mode, with a 5 mΩ RDS(on).
Here again, the manufacturer added a copper plate between the transistors and the heatsink in order to increase thermal dissipation. See Figure 16.
As explained, the +5 V and +3.3 V outputs are generated by two smaller DC-DC converters connected to the main +12 V output. Each converter is located on a small daughterboard. Each converter is controlled by an APW7164 integrated circuit and uses three MOSFETs. One of them is an NTD4969N (up to 41 A at 25° C, 29 A at 100° C in continuous mode, 150 A at 25° C in pulse mode, 9 mΩ), but the other two we couldn’t identify, as their markings were removed. Notice how these converters use tantalum (SMD) capacitors.
Figure 17: One of the DC-DC converters
Figure 18: One of the DC-DC converters
This power supply uses a WT7505 monitoring integrated circuit, which supports over voltage (OVP), under voltage (UVP), and over current (OCP) protections.
This power supply uses only high-end electrolytic capacitors, since temperature is the main concern when designing fanless power supplies. The secondary uses a combination of Japanese electrolytic capacitors (from Chemi-Con), solid electrolytic capacitors, and tantalum capacitors on the solder side of the printed circuit board.
[nextpage title=”Power Distribution”]
Figure 20 shows you the power supply label containing all the power specs.
This power supply has a single +12 V rail, so there is not much to talk about here.
How much power can this unit really deliver? Let’s find out.
[nextpage title=”Load Tests”]
We conducted several tests with this power supply, as described in the article, “Hardware Secrets Power Supply Test Methodology.”
First we tested this power supply with five different load patterns, trying to pull around 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% of its labeled maximum capacity (actual percentage used listed under “% Max Load”), watching the behavior of the reviewed unit under each load. In the table below, we list the load patterns we used and the results for each load.
If you add all the powers listed for each test, you may find a different value than what is posted under “Total” below. Since each output can have a slight variation (e.g., the +5 V output working at +5.10 V), the actual total amount of power being delivered is slightly different than the calculated value. In the “Total” row, we are using the real amount of power being delivered, as measured by our load tester.
The +12VA and +12VB inputs listed below are the two +12 V independent inputs from our load tester. During this test, the +12VA and +12VB inputs were connected to the power supply’s single +12 V rail.
|Input||Test 1||Test 2||Test 3||Test 4||Test 5|
|+12VA||4 A (48 W)||7 A (84 W)||10.5 A (126 W)||14 A (168 W)||17.5 A (210 W)|
|+12VB||4 A (48 W)||7 A (84 W)||10.5 A (126 W)||14 A (168 W)||17.5 A (210 W)|
|+5 V||1 A (5 W)||2 A (10 W)||4 A (20 W)||6 A (30 W)||8 A (40 W)|
|+3.3 V||1 A (3.3 W)||2 A (6.6 W)||4 A (13.2 W)||6 A (19.8 W)||8 A (26.4 W)|
|+5VSB||1 A (5 W)||1 A (5 W)||1.5 A (7.5 W)||2 A (10 W)||2.5 A (12.5 W)|
|-12 V||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)|
|Total||103.2 W||194.6 W||295.7 W||395.7 W||495.6 W|
|% Max Load||
|Room Temp.||43.2° C||42.4° C||42.3° C||43.8° C||48.9° C|
|PSU Temp.||54.4° C||54.4° C||55.5° C||55.8° C||59.8° C|
|Ripple and Noise||Pass||Pass||Pass||Pass||Failed at +5VSB|
|AC Power||127.0 W||227.4 W||340.5 W||458.1 W||578.7 W|
|AC Voltage||117.5 V||117.2 V||116.0 V||114.2 V||112.9 V|
The SilverStone Nightjar 500 W can really deliver its labeled wattage at high temperatures.
Efficiency was amazing, always above 85% except on test one, when we saw efficiency at 81.3%, below the 82% mark promised by the 80 Plus Bronze certification. As we always explain, the 80 Plus tests are conducted at a room temperature of 23° C. We test power supplies between 45° C and 50° C, and efficiency drops with higher temperature. Interestingly, this unit officially received the 80 Plus Silver certification, but SilverStone decided to downgrade it to the Bronze level.
Voltages were closer to their nominal values (3% regulation) during all tests, except for the +3.3 V output during tests four and five. It was outside of this tighter range, but still inside the allowed margin at +3.19 V and +3.16 V, respectively. The ATX12V specification states that positive voltages must be within 5% of their nominal values, and negative voltages must be within 10% of their nominal values.
Let’s discuss the ripple and noise levels on the next page.
[nextpage title=”Ripple and Noise Tests”]
Voltages at the power supply outputs must be as “clean” as possible, with no noise or oscillation (also known as “ripple”). The maximum ripple and noise levels allowed are 120 mV for +12 V and -12 V outputs, and 50 mV for +5 V, +3.3 V and +5VSB outputs. All values are peak-to-peak figures. We consider a power supply as being top-notch if it can produce half or less of the maximum allowed ripple and noise levels.
The SilverStone Nightjar 500 W provided ripple and noise levels inside specifications, but during test five, the +5VSB output presented a noise and ripple level above the maximum allowed. At the +12 V output, it presented a very high noise and ripple level, although still inside the proper range.
|Input||Test 1||Test 2||Test 3||Test 4||Test 5|
|+12VA||34.0 mV||52.6 mV||69.8 mV||84.6 mV||109.6 mV|
|+12VB||32.2 mV||48.4 mV||63.6 mV||75.2 mV||104.3 mV|
|+5 V||13.2 mV||16.2 mV||21.2 mV||25.4 mV||31.2 mV|
|+3.3 V||15.2 mV||18.6 mV||25.4 mV||27.8 mV||35.2 mV|
|+5VSB||23.2 mV||26.2 mV||31.4 mV||38.2 mV||55.2 mV|
|-12 V||17.2 mV||18.4 mV||23.4 mV||27.8 mV||31.6 mV|
Below you can see the waveforms of the outputs during test five.
Figure 21: +12VA input from load tester during test five at 495.6 W (109.6 mV)
Figure 22: +12VB input from load tester during test five at 495.6 W (104.3 mV)
Figure 23: +5V rail during test five at 495.6 W (31.2 mV)
Figure 24: +3.3 V rail during test five at 495.6 W (35.2 mV)
Let’s see if we can pull more than 500 W from this unit.
[nextpage title=”Overload Tests”]
Below you can see the maximum we could pull from this power supply with noise and ripple levels at +12 V below the 120 mV limit. During this test, voltages were still within 3% of their nominal values, except on the +3.3 V output, which was at +3.14 V and still inside the proper range. The noise and ripple level at +5VSB was way above the maximum allowed: 72.8 mV.
|+12VA||20 A (240 W)|
|+12VB||20 A (240 W)|
|+5 V||10 A (50 W)|
|+3.3 V||10 A (33 W)|
|+5VSB||3 A (15 W)|
|-12 V||0.5 A (6 W)|
|% Max Load||114.2%|
|Room Temp.||45.3° C|
|PSU Temp.||60.0° C|
|AC Power||678 W|
|AC Voltage||112.2 V|
[nextpage title=”Main Specifications”]
The main specifications for the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W power supply include:
- Standards: ATX12V 2.3
- Nominal labeled power: 500 W
- Measured maximum power: 570.9 W at 45.3° C
- Labeled efficiency: Between 84% and 88%, 80 Plus Silver certification (officially), downgraded to 80 Plus Bronze by the manufacturer
- Measured efficiency: Between 81.3% and 86.8%, at 115 V (nominal, see complete results for actual voltage)
- Active PFC: Yes
- Modular Cabling System: No
- Motherboard Power Connectors: One 20/24-pin connector and two ATX12V connectors that together form an EPS12V connector
- Video Card Power Connectors: Two six/eight-pin connectors on the same cable
- SATA Power Connectors: Six on two cables
- Peripheral Power Connectors: Six on two cables
- Floppy Disk Drive Power Connectors: Two on two cables
- Protections (as listed by the manufacturer): NA
- Are the above protections really available? This power supply supports over voltage (OVP), under voltage (UVP), over current (OCP), over power (OPP), over temperature (OTP), and short-circuit (SCP) protections.
- Warranty: Three years
- Real Manufacturer: Seventeam
- More Information: https://www.silverstonetek.com
- Average Price in the US*: USD 200.00
* Researched at Newegg.com on the day we published this review.
There is both good and bad news about the SilverStone Nightjar 500 W. On the good side, we have very high efficiency, above 85% most of the time, excellent voltage regulation (3% tolerance) most of the time, and the use of very high-end components, especially capacitors. Also, although officially this power supply has received the 80 Plus Silver certification, the manufacturer downgraded it to 80 Plus Bronze. It is always good to see a manufacturer that is honest with its consumers.
However, the Nightjar 500 W isn’t a flawless power supply. Efficiency at 20% load (100 W) dropped below the 82% mark, which is a major concern, as fanless power supplies are targeted to home theater PCs (HTPCs) and similar applications, where it is quite common to have the computer running at low power. On the other hand, we tested this unit at very high temperatures (which is our normal procedure), and efficiency drops with higher temperature. Also, even though this unit uses very high-end capacitors, noise and ripple levels were very high, with the noise and ripple levels at the +5VSB output going out of the appropriate range when the power supply was delivering 500 W.
The main problem with this unit is its price, USD 200. We know that it is expensive to design and build a fanless power supply, especially when you use only high-end components and opt for a more expensive design. At this price, we expected this unit to be flawless (this is the minimum we expect to see on a power supply to consider it “flawless”: three percent voltage regulation, noise and ripple levels at half of the maximum allowed or less, and high efficiency in all load patterns at high temperatures), which, unfortunately, isn’t the case.
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