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[nextpage title=”Turion 64 Models”]

Originally released to be Pentium M’s main competitor, Turion from AMD is a low voltage CPU targeted to the mobile market and is available in two flavors: single core (Turion 64 or simply Turion) or dual-core (Turion 64 X2, Turion X2 or Turion X2 Ultra). In this tutorial we will list all models released so far and the differences between them.

Let’s talk about the single-core Turion first. We will be covering dual-core models on next pages. 

Turion 64 is based on Athlon 64’s architecture, and the main difference between Turion 64 and Athlon 64 Mobile is the power consumption, which is lower on Turion 64: Athlon 64 Mobile dissipates 65 W while Turion 64 dissipates only 35 W (ML models) or 25 W (MT models). Another difference between them is the amount of L2 cache, which is always of 1 MB on Athlon 64 Mobile, while Turion 64 can have a L2 memory cache of 512 KB or 1 MB, depending on the model.

Both CPUs feature AMD’s PowerNow! Technology, which is similar to Cool’n’Quiet technology used by desktops. This technology changes de CPU clock rate and voltage depending on CPU usage, in order to save battery life. As you can see, it competes with Intel’s Enhanced SpeedStep technology.

Turion 64 main features include:

  • The processors are not sold by their clock rate but by a “model number” figure.
  • One processing core (single core).
  • 64 KB instruction L1 memory cache and 64 KB data L1 memory cache
  • 512 KB or 1 MB L2 memory cache, depending on the model.
  • HyperTransport bus running at 800 MHz (3.2 GB/s). This clock may also be referred as “1,600 MHz.”
  • Supports DDR memory under single channel configuration (socket 754 models) or DDR2 memory supporting dual-channel configuration (socket S1 models)
  • Socket 754 or S1 (models MK-36 and MK-38)
  • Addressing up to 1 TB (terabyte) of RAM memory (address bus with 40 addressing lines, 2^40 = 1 TB)
  • Support for MMX, 3Dnow!, SSE, SSE2 and SSE3 instructions
  • PowerNow! technology
  • EVP (Enhanced Virus Protection) Technology, also known as “NX Bit Disable,” read our tutorial on this subject.
  • 90 nm manufacturing process

As mentioned, Turion 64 CPUs are available in two series: ML, which has a maximum power dissipation (TDP, Thermal Design Power) of 35 W, and MT, which has a maximum power dissipation of 25 W. The lower the power, the longer your notebook battery will last and less heat will be produced.

Model Internal Clock TDP L2 Memory Cache Socket
MK-38 2.2 GHz 31 W 512 KB  S1
MK-36 2.0 GHz 31 W 512 KB  S1
ML-44 2.4 GHz 35 W 1 MB 754
ML-42 2.4 GHz 35 W 512 KB 754
ML-40 2.2 GHz 35 W 1 MB 754
ML-37 2.0 GHz 35 W 1 MB 754
ML-34 1.8 GHz 35 W 1 MB 754
ML-32 1.8 GHz 35 W 512 KB 754
ML-30 1.6 GHz 35 W 1 MB 754
ML-28 1.6 GHz 35 W 512 KB 754
MT-40 2.2 GHz 25 W 1 MB 754
MT-37 2.0 GHz 25 W 1 MB 754
MT-34 1.8 GHz 25 W 1 MB 754
MT-32 1.8 GHz 25 W 512 KB 754
MT-30 1.6 GHz 25 W 1 MB 754
MT-28 1.6 GHz 25 W 512 KB 754

TDP stands for Thermal Design Power and indicates the CPU thermal dissipation, i.e., the CPU cooler must be capable of dissipating at least this amount of heat.

[nextpage title=”Turion X2 Models”]

AMD uses four different names for the dual-core version of Turion: Turion 64 X2 (models starting with "TL"), Turion X2 (models starting with "RM"), Turion X2 Ultra (models starting with "ZM") and Turion Neo X2 (model with "L"). Despite the name, they are all the same processor. The main differences between these CPUs and the original Turion 64 is the presence of two processing cores, of course, and the support for DDR2 memory modules under dual-channel configuration, meaning that the CPU can access the memory at 128-bit rate, doubling the memory maximum theoretical transfer rate (single-core Turion 64 models based on socket S1 also support DDR2 memories under dual-channel configuration).

While Turion 64 competes with Pentium M and Core Solo, Turion 64 X2 competes with Core Duo and Core 2 Duo.

Turion X2 has the same features found on Turion 64 plus:

  • Dual-core technology 
  • 256 KB, 512 KB ou 1 MB L2 memory cache per core, depending on the model.
  • HyperTransport bus running at 800 MHz (3.2 GB/s), 1,800 MHz (7.2 GB/s), 2,000 MHz (8 GB/s) or 2,200 MHz (8.8 GB/s). These clocks may also be referred as “1,600 MHz", "3,600 MHz", "4,000 MHz" and "4,400 MHz", respectively.
  • Support for DDR2 memories and dual channel configuration.
  • Socket S1
  • 65 nm or 90 nm manufacturing process

In the table below we listed all Turion 64 X2, Turion X2, Turion X2 Ultra and Turion Neo X2 models released so far.

Model

OPN (tray)

Internal Clock

TDP

L2 Cache

HT

 Tech.
L625 TMZL625OAX5DY 1,6 GHz 18 W 1 MB + 1 MB 3,2 GB/s 65 nm
ZM-86 TMZM86DAM23GG 2.4 GHz 35 W 1 MB + 1 MB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
ZM-85 TMZM85DAM23GG 2,3 GHz 35 W 1 MB + 1 MB 8,8 GB/s 65 nm
ZM-84 TMZM84DAM23GG 2.3 GHz 35 W 1 MB + 1 MB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
ZM-82 TMZM82DAM23GG 2.2 GHz 35 W

1 MB + 1 MB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
ZM-80 TMZM80DAM23GG 2.1 GHz 32 W 1 MB + 1 MB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
RM-77 TMRM77DAM22GG 2,3 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 8,0 GB/s 65 nm
RM-75 TMRM75DAM22GG 2,2 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 7,2 GB/s 65 nm
RM-74 TMRM74DAM22GG 2.2 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
RM-72 TMRM72DAM22GG 2.1 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
RM-70 TMRM70DAM22GG 2.0 GHz 31 W 512 KB + 512 KB 7.2 GB/s 65 nm
TL-68 TMDTL68HAX5DM 2.4 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm
TL-66 TMDTL66HAX5DM 2.3 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm
TL-66 TMDTL66HAX5DC 2.3 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm

TL-64

TMDTL64HAX5DC

2.2 GHz

35 W

512 KB + 512 KB

3.2 GB/s 65 nm
TL-64 TMDTL64HAX5CT 2.2 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 90 nm
TL-62 TMDTL62HAX5DM 2.1 GHz 35 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm
TL-60 TMDTL60HAX5DC 2.0 GHz 31 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm

TL-60

TMDTL60HAX5CT

2.0 GHz

35 W

512 KB + 512 KB

3.2 GB/s 90 nm
TL-58 TMDTL58HAX5DC 1.9 GHz 31 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm
TL-56 TMDTL56HAX5DC 1.8 GHz 31 W 512 KB + 512 KB 3.2 GB/s 65 nm

TL-56

TMDTL56HAX5CT

1.8 GHz

33 W

512 KB + 512 KB

3.2 GB/s 90 nm

TL-52

TMDTL52HAX5CT

1.6 GHz

31 W

512 KB + 512 KB

3.2 GB/s 90 nm

TL-50

TMDTL50HAX5CT

1.6 GHz

31 W

256 KB + 256 KB

3.2 GB/s 90 nm

TDP stands for Thermal Design Power and indicates the CPU thermal dissipation, i.e., the CPU cooler must be capable of dissipating at least this amount of heat.

[nextpage title=”Turion II Models”]

Turion II CPUs are Turion X2 processors manufactured under 45 nm technology. AMD is using two names for these CPUs, Turion II (M5xx models) and Turion II Ultra (M6xx models).

Their main features are:

  • Dual core technology.
  • 256KB, 512 KB or 1 MB L2 cache per core.
  • HyperTransport bus working at 1,800 MHz (7.2 GB/s). This clock may also be referred as "3,600 MHz".
  • Support to DDR2 memories in dual channel configuration.
  • Socket S1.
  • 45 nm manufacturing technology.

In the table below we listed all Turion II and Turion II Ultra models released so far.

Model

OPN (tray)

Internal Clock

TDP

L2 Cache

HT

M660

TMM660DB023GQ

2.7 GHz

35 W

1 MB + 1 MB

7.2 GB/s

M640

TMM640DBO23GQ

2.6 GHz

35 W

1 MB + 1 MB

7.2 GB/s

M620

TMM620DBO23GQ

2.5 GHz

35 W

1 MB + 1 MB

7.2 GB/s

M600

TMM600DBO23GQ

2.4 GHz

35 W

1 MB + 1 MB

7.2 GB/s

M560

TMM560DBO22GQ

2.5 GHz

35 W

256 KB + 256 KB

7.2 GB/s

M540

TMM540DBO22GQ

2.4 GHz

35 W

256 KB + 256 KB

7.2 GB/s

M520

TMM520DBO22GQ

2.3 GHz

35 W

512 KB + 512 KB

7.2 GB/s

M500

TMM500DBO22GQ

2.2 GHz

35 W

512 KB + 512 KB

7.2 GB/s

TDP stands for Thermal Design Power and indicates the CPU thermal dissipation, i.e., the CPU cooler must be capable of dissipating at least this amount of heat.