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The Commander III power supply series from In Win, also known as “Desert Fox,” has 600 W, 700 W, and 800 W models, all with the 80 Plus Gold certification and a modular cabling system. Let’s take an in-depth look at the 700 W version.
The Commander III power supplies are really manufactured by In Win.
The In Win Commander III 700 W is 6.3” (160 mm) deep. It uses a 135 mm ball-bearing fan on its bottom (ADDA ADN512LB-A90).
The modular cabling system from this power supply has five connectors: one for video cards and four for peripheral and SATA connectors. This power supply comes with the following cables:
- Main motherboard cable with a 20/24-pin connector, 21.3” (54 cm) long, permanently attached to the power supply
- One cable with two ATX12V connectors that together form an EPS12V connector, 24.8” (63 cm) long, permanently attached to the power supply
- One cable with two six/eight-pin connectors for video cards, 18.9” (48 cm) to the first connector, 5.9” (15 cm) between connectors, permanently attached to the power supply
- One cable with two six/eight-pin connectors for video cards, 19.9” (50.5 cm) to the first connector, 5.9” (15 cm) between connectors, modular cabling system
- Three cables, each with three SATA power connectors, 19.7” (50 cm) to the first connector, 5.9” (15 cm) between connectors, modular cabling system
- One cable with three peripheral power connectors and one floppy disk drive power connector, 19.7” (50 cm) to the first connector, 5.9” (15 cm) between connectors, modular cabling system
All wires are 18 AWG, which is the minimum recommended gauge, except for the video card cables, which use thicker (16 AWG) wires.
This is a somewhat standard configuration for 700 W units, with the advantage of having a total of nine SATA power connectors.
Let’s now take an in-depth look inside this power supply.
[nextpage title=”A Look Inside the In Win Commander III 700 W”]
We decided to disassemble this power supply to see what it looks like inside, how it is designed, and what components are used. Please read our “Anatomy of Switching Power Supplies” tutorial to understand how a power supply works and to compare this power supply to others.
On this page we will have an overall look, and then in the following pages we will discuss in detail the quality and ratings of the components used.
[nextpage title=”Transient Filtering Stage”]
As we have mentioned in other articles and reviews, the first place we look when opening a power supply for a hint about its quality, is its filtering stage. The recommended components for this stage are two ferrite coils, two ceramic capacitors (Y capacitors, usually blue), one metalized polyester capacitor (X capacitor), and one MOV (Metal-Oxide Varistor). Very low-end power supplies use fewer components, usually removing the MOV and the first coil.
In the transient filtering stage, this power supply is “flawless.”
On the next page, we will have a more detailed discussion of the components used in the In Win Commander III 700 W.[nextpage title=”Primary Analysis”]
On this page, we will take an in-depth look at the primary stage of the In Win Commander III 700 W. For a better understanding, please read our “Anatomy of Switching Power Supplies” tutorial.
This power supply uses two rectifying bridges, which are attached to the same heatsink as the active PFC and switching transistors. The manufacturer, however, scratched the markings on the bridges, so we couldn’t identify them.
The active PFC circuit uses two STW26NM60N MOSFETs, each
one supporting up to 20 A at 25° C or 12.6 A at 100° C in continuous mode (note the difference temperature makes), or 80 A at 25° C in pulse mode. These transistors present a 165 mΩ maximum resistance when turned on, a characteristic called RDS(on). The lower the number the better, meaning that the transistor will waste less power, and the power supply will have a higher efficiency.
The output of the active PFC circuit is filtered by two 220 μF x 450 V Japanese electrolytic capacitors, from Panasonic, labeled at 105° C. They are the equivalent of a single 440 μF x 450 V capacitor.
In the switching section, another two STW26NM60N MOSFETs are employed using the traditional two-transistor forward configuration, which is interesting to see, since currently other manufacturers tend to use a resonant configuration for power supplies with the 80 Plus Gold certification. The specifications for these transistors were already discussed above.
The primary is controlled by a CM6802 active PFC/PWM combo controller.
Let’s now take a look at the secondary of this power supply.
[nextpage title=”Secondary Analysis”]
As one would expect in a high-efficiency power supply, the In Win Commander III 700 W uses a synchronous design, where the Schottky rectifiers are replaced with MOSFETs. Also, the reviewed product uses a DC-DC design in its secondary. This means that the power supply is basically a +12 V unit, with the +5 V and +3.3 V outputs produced by two smaller power supplies connected to the main +12 V rail. Both designs are used to increase efficiency.
The +12 V output uses four IPP032N06N MOSFETs, each one supporting up to 120 A at 100° C in continuous mode, or up to 480 A at 25° C in pulse mode, with a maximum RDS(on) of 2.9 mΩ.
As explained, the +5 V and +3.3 V outputs are produced by two DC-DC converters, each one located on an individual daughterboard. Each converter is controlled by an APW7160 integrated circuit and makes use of two STD60N3LH5 transistors (48 A at 25° C or 42.8 A at 100° C in continuous mode or 192 A at 25° C in pulse mode, 8 mΩ resistance) and two STD85N3LH5 transistors (80 A at 25° C or 55 A at 100° C in continuous mode or 320 A at 25° C in pulse mode, 5 mΩ resistance).
The outputs are monitored by a WT7579 integrated circuit, which supports over voltage (OVP), under voltage (UVP), over current (OCP), and over temperature (OTP) protections. There are four +12 V over current protection (OCP) channels, matching the number of +12 V rails advertised by the manufacturer.
This power supply uses a mix of solid and electrolytic capacitors in its secondary. The electrolytic capacitors are from Teapo and labeled at 105° C, as usual.
[nextpage title=”The +5VSB Power Supply”]
The +5VSB (a.k.a. standby) power supply is independent of the main power supply, since it is on continuously.
The +5VSB power supply uses an STR-A6069H integrated circuit, which incorporates the PWM controller and the switching transistor into a single chip.
The rectification of the +5VSB output is performed by an STPS2045CT Schottky rectifier, which supports up to 20 A (10 A per internal diode at 155° C, 0.84 V maximum voltage drop).
[nextpage title=”Power Distribution”]
In Figure 23, you can see the power supply label containing all the power specs.
This power supply is advertised as having four +12 V rails, which is correct, since the monitoring integrated circuit has four +12 V over current protection (OCP) channels, and we clearly saw four “shunts” (current sensors). See Figure 24. Click here to understand more about this subject.
The four +12 V rails are distributed as follows:
- +12V1 (solid yellow wires): The main motherboard cable and the peripheral and SATA connectors
- +12V2 (yellow/black wires): The ATX12V/EPS12V connector
- +12V3 (yellow/blue wires): The video card cable that is permanently attached to the power supply
- +12V4: (yellow/green wires): The video card cable that is available on the modular cabling system
This distribution is perfect.
Let’s find out how much power this unit can deliver.[nextpage title=”Load Tests”]
We conducted several tests with this power supply, as described in the article, “Hardware Secrets Power Supply Test Methodology.”
First, we tested this power supply with five different load patterns, trying to pull around 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% of its labeled maximum capacity (actual percentage used listed under “% Max Load”), watching the behavior of the reviewed unit under each load. In the table below, we list the load patterns we used and the results for each load.
If you add all the powers listed for each test, you may find a different value than what is posted under “Total” below. Since each output can have a slight variation (e.g., the +5 V output working at 5.10 V), the actual total amount of power being delivered is slightly different than the calculated value. In the “Total” row, we are using the real amount of power being delivered, as measured by our load tester.
The +12VA and +12VB inputs listed below are the two +12 V independent inputs from our load tester. During this test, the +12VA input was connected to the power supply’s +12V1 and +12V3 rails, while the +12VB input was connected to the power supply’s +12V2 rail.
|Input||Test 1||Test 2||Test 3||Test 4||Test 5|
|+12VA||5 A (60 W)||10.5 A (126 W)||15.5 A (186 W)||20.5 A (246 W)||26 A (312 W)|
|+12VB||5 A (60 W)||10.5 A (126 W)||15.5 A (186 W)||20.5 A (246 W)||25.5 A (306 W)|
|+5 V||1 A (5 W)||2 A (10 W)||4 A (20 W)||6 A (30 W)||8 A (40 W)|
|+3.3 V||1 A (3.3 W)||2 A (6.6 W)||4 A (13.2 W)||6 A (19.8 W)||8 A (26.4 W)|
|+5VSB||1 A (5 W)||1.5 A (7.5 W)||2 A (10 W)||2.5 A (12.5 W)||3 A (15 W)|
|-12 V||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)||0.5 A (6 W)|
|Total||153.1 W||302.6 W||452.4 W||600.4 W||703.4 W|
|% Max Load||21.9%||43.2%||64.6%||85.8%||100.5%|
|Room Temp.||47.0° C||46.6° C||47.6° C||49.2° C||46.8° C|
|PSU Temp.||48.6° C||48.7° C||49.2° C||50.3° C||43.2° C|
|Ripple and Noise||Pass||Pass||Pass||Pass||Pass|
|AC Power||171.2 W||334.0 W||505.2 W||684.0 W||812.0 W|
|AC Voltage||118.1 V||116.4 V||114.8 V||112.7 V||111.0 V|
The 80 Plus Gold certification promises efficiency of at least 87% under light (i.e., 20%) load, 90% under typical (i.e., 50%) load, and 87% under full (i.e., 100%) load. During our tests, the In Win Commander III 700 W was a tad below the 87% mark at full load under high temperatures. As we always point out, the tests for the 80 Plus certification are conducted at only 23° C, and efficiency decreases as temperature increases. Another explanation is that the AC voltage dropped to 111 V during our test five, and efficiency is lower at lower AC voltages.
Let’s discuss voltage regulation on the next page. [nextpage title=”Voltage Regulation Tests”]
The ATX12V specification states that positive voltages must be within 5% of their nominal values, and negative voltages must be within 10% of their nominal values. We consider a power supply as “flawless” if it shows voltages within 3% of their nominal values. In the table below, you can see the power supply voltages during our tests and, in the following table, the deviation, in percentage, of their nominal values.
The In Win Commander III 700 W presented excellent voltage regulation for its main positive outputs (+12 V, +5 V, and +3.3 V), always within 2.5% of their nominal values.
|Input||Test 1||Test 2||Test 3||Test 4||Test 5|
|+12VA||+12.16 V||+12.12 V||+12.08 V||+12.02 V||+12.00 V|
|+12VB||+12.17 V||+12.12 V||+12.05 V||+11.99 V||+11.97 V|
|+5 V||+5.08 V||+5.06 V||+5.03 V||+5.01 V||+4.99 V|
|+3.3 V||+3.38 V||+3.34 V||+3.24 V||+3.22 V||+3.22 V|
|+5VSB||+4.96 V||+4.90 V||+4.83 V||+4.76 V||+4.78 V|
|-12 V||-11.57 V||-11.64 V||-11.72 V||-11.78 V||-11.84 V|
|Input||Test 1||Test 2||Test 3||Test 4||Test 5|
Let’s discuss the ripple and noise levels on the next page.
ge title=”Ripple and Noise Tests”]
Voltages at the power supply outputs must be as “clean” as possible, with no noise or oscillation (also known as “ripple”). The maximum ripple and noise levels allowed are 120 mV for +12 V and -12 V outputs, and 50 mV for +5 V, +3.3 V and +5VSB outputs. All values are peak-to-peak figures. We consider a power supply as being top-notch if it can produce half or less of the maximum allowed ripple and noise levels.
The In Win Commander III 700 W provided low ripple and noise levels, although a little bit higher than we’d like to see to consider this unit as “flawless” on this test.
|Input||Test 1||Test 2||Test 3||Test 4||Test 5|
|+12VA||28.8 mV||38.4 mV||45.8 mV||58.4 mV||68.4 mV|
|+12VB||30.2 mV||36.4 mV||45.4 mV||58.0 mV||68.4 mV|
|+5 V||19.8 mV||18.4 mV||17.2 mV||17.2 mV||18.4 mV|
|+3.3 V||18.4 mV||16.4 mV||16.2 mV||19.6 mV||34.4 mV|
|+5VSB||13.0 mV||13.2 mV||16.2 mV||18.6 mV||18.6 mV|
|-12 V||32.8 mV||36.8 mV||36.8 mV||42.6 mV||50.4 mV|
Below you can see the waveforms of the outputs during test five.
Let’s see if we can pull more than 700 W from this unit.
[nextpage title=”Overload Tests”]
Below you can see the maximum we could pull from this power supply. The objective of this test is to see if the power supply has its protection circuits working properly. This unit passed this test, since it shut down when we tried to pull more than what is listed below. During this test, noise and ripple levels were still within the allowed range, and voltages were still closer to their nominal values than required.
|+12VA||30 A (360 W)|
|+12VB||30 A (360 W)|
|+5 V||14 A (70 W)|
|+3.3 V||14 A (46.2 W)|
|+5VSB||3 A (15 W)|
|-12 V||0.5 A (6 W)|
|% Max Load||121.3%|
|Room Temp.||49.4° C|
|PSU Temp.||51.2° C|
|AC Power||1,016 W|
|AC Voltage||109.1 V|
[nextpage title=”Main Specifications”]
The main specifications for the In Win Commander III 700 W power supply include:
- Standards: ATX12V 2.31 and EPS12V 2.92
- Nominal labeled power: 700 W
- Measured maximum power: 849.4 W at 49.4° C
- Labeled efficiency: 80 Plus Gold certification (87% at light/20% load, 90% at typical/50% load, and 87% at full/100% load)
- Measured efficiency: Between 86.6% and 90.6% at 115 V (nominal, see complete results for actual voltage)
- Active PFC: Yes
- Modular Cabling System: Yes, partial
- Motherboard Power Connectors: One 20/24-pin connector and one cable with two ATX12V connectors that together form an EPS12V connector, permanently attached to the power supply
- Video Card Power Connectors: Four six/eight-pin connectors on two cables, one permanently attached to the power supply and one on the modular cabling system
- SATA Power Connectors: Nine on three cables, modular cabling system
- Peripheral Power Connectors: Three on one cable, modular cabling system
- Floppy Disk Drive Power Connectors: One
- Protections (as listed by the manufacturer): Over voltage (OVP), under voltage (UVP), over current (OCP), over power (OPP), and short-circuit (SCP)
- Are the above protections really available? Yes.
- Warranty: Five Years
- More Information: https://www.inwin-style.com
- MSRP in the U.S.: USD 130.00
The In Win Commander III 700 W is a very good power supply with the 80 Plus Gold certification, with excellent voltage regulation for its main positive outputs (+12 V, +5 V, and +3.3 V), low noise and ripple levels, and high efficiency. You won’t regret it if you buy this product.